Earendel Name Meaning & Origin
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- Nicknames for Earendel
Oren, Orin, Earen, Eren
- Meanings and history of the name Earendel
luminous wanderer; morning star
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As a Germanic name, Auriwandalo is attested as a historical Lombardic prince.
A historical Orentil was a Bavarian count, recorded in the year 843.
- Earendel in song, story & screen
In the Old English poem Crist I are the lines (104–111) which read:
éala éarendel engla beorhtast
ofer middangeard monnum sended
and sodfasta sunnan leoma,
tohrt ofer tunglas þu tida gehvane
of sylfum þe symle inlihtes.
Swa þu, god of gode gearo acenned,
sunu soþan fæder swegles in wuldre 2
Hail Day-Star! Brightest angel
Sent to man throughout the earth, and
Thou steadfast splendour of the sun, bright above stars!
Ever Thou dost illumine with Thy light the time of every season.
As Thou, begotten God of God,
Son of the True Father, without beginning
(From the Kennedy modern English Translation)
J. R. R. Tolkien was inspired by references in the Crist poem, deriving both the character Eärendil, also associated with the morning star, and his use of Middle-earth from it. The Quenya phrase, "Aiya Eärendil, elenion ancalima!", literally "Hail Eärendil, brightest of stars!", bears a strong similarity to the line "Hail Earendel, brightest of angels" in Crist I, even so far as to use the same syntax as the Old English version.
See the Wikipedia article on Aurvandil for more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurvandil